Ferrous fumarate 15.2 mg (equivalent to 5 mg elemental iron)– Iron is required for the formation of a special protein in the red blood cells called haemoglobin. Haemoglobin carries oxygen to all the tissues of the body. If iron levels go down, a medical condition known as anaemia can result. Anaemia is a decrease in the amount of haemoglobin that transports the oxygen around the body. Iron is also part of another protein called myoglobin. Myoglobin helps muscle cells store oxygen. So, without enough iron, the body's fuel cannot be properly maintained. An anaemic person may tire easily, feel dizzy, have pale skin colour, be irritable and may experience headaches.
Some foods and medicines can also decrease iron absorption.
Folic acid 250 mcg– Folic acid is needed to make and maintain new cells, which is especially important during pregnancy and periods of growth during childhood. Folic acid is necessary in the production of DNA and RNA – the building blocks of cells. Adults and children need folate to make normal red blood cells and prevent anaemia. Folic acid is unstable when in contact with heat, air, water and alkali and is destroyed easily by cooking.
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) 10 mcg– Cyanocobalamin helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells, and is also needed to make DNA. Vitamin B12 cannot function without folic acid.
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) 50 mg– Vitamin C helps to increase the absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract into blood.